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CFDs & Spread betting

What is CFD trading and investing?

CFD, short for Contract For Difference, is a derivative financial instrument enabling you to gain exposure to financial markets without physical ownership of the underlying asset. It is an agreement between you – the trader and the provider – to exchange the difference in value between the opening and the closing level of a particular contract.

What is Spread betting?

Spread betting is a form of derivative trading and investing enabling you to gain exposure to the financial markets without physical ownership of the underlying asset. Rather than buying or selling the underlying asset you are simply taking a position on whether the market will rise or fall.

Benefits

CFDs and Spread betting are financial products which allow you to take positions in markets in a simple, easy and direct way. They are usually leveraged so only a fraction of the total value of your investment needs to be deposited in your account in order to trade and the remaining amount will be financed by the provider. As part of our commitment to empower our clients, we allow clients to trade with less leverage through our Variable Margin offering.

Here are the benefits of CFD trading and Spread betting for you at a glance:

  • Variable margin only with us – you can control the leverage you use
  • Extremely low lifecycle cost
  • Notional value trading - allowing you to look at your trades from the perspective of the maximum exposure
  • No expiry date
  • The instrument price reflects the price of the underlying market
  • Flexibility – you can enter and exit the position at any time you decide
  • Limited risk – you can apply stop loss orders
  • No commissions to pay – all costs are incorporated into the spread

 

Pricing

 

CFDs fully emulate the price of the underlying asset, which is taken directly from the underlying exchange or delivered by the liquidity providers.

Spread

As we are compensated by the spread, i.e. the difference between bid and offer, or the sell and buy price, mark-up is added to the underlying price.

Spread is considered the main cost for the trader. By trading with us, you do not pay commissions on the top of the spread as this is already incorporated. What is more, our spreads are tight and fixed (T&Cs apply).

 

Leverage

You can fully participate in the price action of the underlying instrument without having to contribute the full amount usually necessary for the transaction. As a trader/investor you only provide a fraction of the total amount and as the rest of the investment is provided by us, you are still able to fully participate in the total income from the investment.

Dividends

If you hold a position in a company that has decided to distribute a part of its corporate profits to its shareholders, this will be reflected in your position accordingly. Depending on the direction of your position, you will either be eligible to receive the payment or you will need to pay. The dividend adjustment is applied to your account if you still hold your position after the close of the day before the ex-dividend day (also called ex-div). The ex-div day is the first day when the share trades without the dividend.

For long positons in UK companies, you receive 100% of the announced dividend††. For non-UK companies, the dividend may be subject to a withholding tax. For example, a US stock dividend is subject to 30% withholding tax. As a resident of a territory holding a double tax treaty with the US, we claim a 15% tax benefit and pass it on to you. Therefore, you’ll be credited with 85% of the announced dividend rather than 70%.

 

†† Tax law can be changed or may differ if you pay tax in a jurisdiction other than the UK

Financing

Other costs, apart from the spread, you need to take into account when dealing in CFDs or Spread betting are the daily financing charges. Financing charges represent the cost of borrowing the capital that is needed in order to open a position. Positions that remain open overnight are subject to those charges, and are incurred on a daily basis.

A long position attracts the financing charges, as effectively, by depositing initial margin, you borrow capital from us to cover the rest of it (i.e. the difference between the initial margin and the total value). For short position, on the other hand, financing interest may be credited to your account, as the opposite applies, meaning, you lend capital to us.

Calculation of financing

Positions held at our designated ‘financing time’ are subject to a financing charge or financing credit (collectively, "financing transactions"). In addition, positions that are held on Friday at this time will attract a three day financing charge/credit to account for the weekend.

Note: Positions on futures do not incur such treatment as the pricing of the underlying instrument takes any cost of carry into account already.

Long positions attract a financing charge; short positions may receive a financing credit (subject to underlying interest rates).

A financing transaction is calculated based on the notional value of a position and the Effective Financing Rate. The Effective Financing Rate is commonly the 1 week deposit rate of the asset currency, plus (for long positions) or minus (for short positions) a financing ‘spread’ (currently 2.5%).

The simplified equations to calculate long and short financing transactions are as follows:

Long positions:

Daily Financing Transaction = -[value of trade  x Effective Financing Rate x 1/360*]

Short positions:

Daily Financing Transaction = [value of trade  x Effective Financing Rate x 1/360*]

*or 365 for GBP denominated assets

Note: Where the 1 week deposit rate < financing ‘spread’, a charge will result for both long and short positions.

Additionally, as financing represents the amount of leverage that is financed by us, as one trades with lower leverages, the financing charge will decrease (for long positions) or the financing credit will increase (for short positions).